2020考研英语(一)大作文热点话题深度训练:传统社会风尚类

2019-12-02 18:40:36

【考点考向】传统社会风尚,关爱他人,提倡邻里守望

【必备主题词】

 1. 邻里关系  neighborhood

2. 和谐的邻里关系  harmonious relations between neighborhood

3. 关爱他人  care for others treat others with unconditional love

4. 中国传统美德  Chinese traditional virtue

5. 精神文明建设the construction of spiritual civilization

6. 当代公民道德建设 the moral construction of modern citizens

7. 文化传承 cultural dissemination and heredity

8. 传统文化教育 traditional culture education

9. 串门  drop around

10. 打扰他人,侵犯隐私   annoy others with invading their privacy

11. 建立联系   bond together with others

12. 亲密关系 intimacy

13. 冷漠  indifference and impassibility

14. 同情,支持他人 express deep sympathy to others

15. 社交   social interaction

【必备论证素材句】

  1. 良好的邻里关系往往不需要特殊专业技能,而且很少或压根不设计到金钱利益。它只需要投入时间,不需要很高的物质成本。

Successful neighborhood action frequently requires little specialized technical skill, and often little or no money. Action may call for an investment of time, but material costs are often low.

 

2. 在现代城市里,传统的邻里关系受到前所未有的挑战,淡薄和冷漠充满了日常生活的各个角落.

In modern cities, traditional neighborhood relations are being subjected to unprecedented challenges, with indifference and impassibility soaked into every corners of our daily life.

 

  3. 与其他社交活动不同,邻里关系的好处是可见的,而且很快就会显现出来。街道更干净;人行横道清楚;树木被种植;节日吸引了一大群人。

  With neighborhood action, compared to other social activities on larger scales, results are more likely to be visible and quickly forthcoming. The streets are cleaner; the crosswalk is painted; the trees are planted; the festival draws a crowd.

 

  4.邻里关系通常涉及他人,这种行动创造或加强与其他人的联系和关系,产生各种潜在的积极影响,往往很难预测。

Neighborhood relations usually involves others, which will create or strengthen connections and relationships with other neighbors, leading in turn to a variety of potentially positive effects that is often hard to predict.

  

  5. 因此,邻里之间是指面对面的社会互动发生的地方,在邻里之间,人们寻求实现共同价值观、产生社会联系和维持有效社会控制。

Neighborhoods, then, are the spatial units in which face-to-face social interactions occur―the personal settings and situations where residents seek to realize common values, socialize youth, and maintain effective social control.

 

 6. 强大而有凝聚力的邻里关系很可能甚至是直接有关--与犯罪减少、儿童获得更好的成长以及改善身心健康有关。一个强大的邻里所提供的社会支持可以作为抵御各种逆境的缓冲。

Strong and cohesive neighborhoods and communities are linked --quite possibly causally linked―to decreases in crime, better outcomes for children, and improved physical and mental health. The social support that a strong neighborhood may provide can serve as a buffer against various forms of adversity.

【实战演练】

Directions:   

Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should

1) describe the drawing briefly,

2) explain its intended meaning, and

3) give your comments.

You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)

图片1.png

This inspiring cartoon mirrors a glowingly positive percepetion that a neighbor next door is more like a relative. As can be seen, a young man, with a spanner and towel on his shoulders, is waving goodbye and smiling at a couple of aging grandparentsIt is desirable to help each other between neighbors, which is, in return, accompanied by the deep appreciation from two seniors who are admiring his kindnessIt is a priceless gift to have a good neighbor. 

Conspicuously, such episode shows that a newly-emerging form of strong and cohensive relationship between neighbors has been created and strengthened, leading to a variety of potentially positive effects. Translated, nothing would be more inspiring than a harmonious neighborhood in all spheres of modern life. For one thing, the successful neighbor relations are not only to encourage personal interactions with each other, but might possibly be beneficial to establish a deep bond with strangers to realize common values, and more probably to advance the intimacy and coherence of the community on the whole scale. For another, there is no denying that the face-to-face communication between neighbors in this self-centered world would, to a large extent, be more associated with decreases in crime and more visile rewards offered by warm-hearted folks next door.

Overall, far more cetain would be that social epidemic of mutual help between neighbors makes good sense in personal, social and moral aspects of our modernization. Therefore, elevating the notion of harmonious neighborhood rather than ignorance and indifference in an elegant and sound manner would be the best step to our promising prospect of Chinese dreams.