作文中常见的6种表达失误

2019-12-02 18:39:21

在考研写作中,用词准确、句式正确多样及逻辑严密都是评判作文是否优秀的标准。一旦表达错误百出,这篇文章就很难得高分。下面总结了考研英语作文常见的6种表达失误,帮助大家避免失误。

1. 汉式英语

汉式英语是受汉语语言环境和思维影响而写出不地道的英语,在词汇、短语、句子结构上都有不同程度的汉式英语出现。这些现象的出现会削弱作文的表现力,要特别注意。

例:

误:No matter how to do, we still cant change his idea.

正:Anyway,  we still cant change his idea.

2. 句子累赘

在使用英语表达时常常因不清楚短语意思而重复表达,造成句子累赘的现象。

例:

误:The purpose of the letter is to explain, he will give up the university degree.

正:The letter is to explain, he will give up the university degree.

3. 搭配不当

搭配不当指词汇之间不能互相搭配,或是违反了某种语言习惯。常见有主谓搭配不当、动宾搭配不当、主语和表语搭配不当、修饰成分和核心词搭配不当等。

例:

误:This higher method has been introduced, which gives to productivity growth.

正:This advanced method has been introduced,which gives to productivity growth.

4. 用词不当

用词不当多指对词语的理解不清,忽视词义范围大小、感情色彩等情况,特别是对近义词、关联词用错会造成病句。在下面的例句中,大家要分清个体名词和集体名词之间的区别。

例:

误:Each people may have his own opinion on this issue.

正:Each person may have his own opinion on this issue.

5. 句子残缺

一个句子要表达一个完整的意思,就要有主语部分和谓语部分。如果一个句子的结构不完整,就无法表达出一个完整的意思。下面句子中For example后出现了谓语动词consult to,但没有主语,所以要添加主语you使句子结构完整。

例:

误:You can find hundreds of ways to step out of shadow. For example,consult to an expert or a senior.

正:You can find hundreds of ways to step out of shadow. For example,you can consult to an expert or a senior.

6. 时态语态不当

由于汉语中动词没有时态形式上的变化,许多考生在英语表达时会出现出台错误。在下面的例句中,在讨论事实的段落中,应使用现在时态。

例:

误:we only had one earth and we could not afford to ruin the environment.

正:We only have one earth and we cannot afford to ruin the environment.

大家在平时练习时一定要细心认真,避免这些常见表达失误而失分。