考研英语:阅读解析

2020-05-20 10:55:52

得阅读者得天下,阅读该怎么样去做呢?

万学海文老师建议基础阅读四步疗法

 

“找”:扫描题干,找关键词

题干有两种作用:关键词定位;形成文章主线。

“读”:通读全文,抓出中心

重点读什么内容呢?首段,其余各段首尾处,转折处。阅读过程中要注意读文章,做标记:观点态度的词逻辑关系的词题干中专有名词生词不需做记号

“定”:仔细审题,定位原文

仔细审题:时态,谁的态度

定位原文:每解一道题,就在头脑中搭建一座桥梁,从题干关键词出发,到原文的出处

定位原则:

1) 关键词: 题干引号

 Line ** Paragraph **

 题干选项专有名词,数字,时间

 较大词 chromosome (2009) / lineage 血统

 题干当中实词的原词/同义词/上下义词,如:child—kid  

2) 顺序性:出题顺序&行文顺序基本一致(除主旨、态度题)

:重叠选项,得出答案

做考研阅读很难让你有一见倾心的答案,一看到他,心想:就是他了!

正确选项要重叠,错误选项也要重叠才能够排除。

我们一起来看一道例题:

The researchers studied the behavior of female brown capuchin monkeys. They look cute. They are good-natured, cooperative creatures, and they share their food tardily. Above all, like their female human counterparts, they tend to pay much closer attention to the value of “goods and services” than males. Such characteristics make them perfect candidates for Dr. Brosnan’s and Dr. de Waal’s study. The researchers spent two years teaching their monkeys to exchange tokens for food. Normally, the monkeys were happy enough to exchange pieces of rock for slices of cucumber. However, when two monkeys were placed in separate but adjoining chambers, so that each could observe what the other was getting in return for its rock, their behavior became markedly different.

2. Female capuchin monkeys were chosen for the research most probably because they are ________

[A] more inclined to weigh what they get

[B] attentive to researchers’ instructions

[C] nice in both appearance and temperament

[D] more generous than their male companions

【解析】我们由题干可以看出,要求找出选择雌性卷尾猴做实验的原因,并且是most probably最有可能的原因,由此推定答案应该定位在Above all, like their female human counterparts, they tend to pay much closer attention to the value of “goods and services” than males. 所以答案选择A.

阅读是考研英语的重头戏,老师建议大家在基础阶段多做题,养成正确的做题思路,提高阅读理解能力,积累阅读经验为强化阶段的学习奠定坚实的基础。